Web and Computer Security

Well, if that would have been said to me by my father when I was 2 years of age, I would have understood. But when today, my own computer tells me that when I am 34, I wonder why I spent $1500 on my computer hardware and software to enjoy the (unrealized) benefits of this great and revolutionary information technology?

Today’s cyberspace is hazardous. None of today’s PC users can claim that they never had a computer virus issue or a PC security breach. According to analysts, if you count today’s number of PC users worldwide, they will soon be 1 billion by 2010. When I see all the computer viruses, infections, trojans, and what not around me and compare it with the 1 billion innocent computer users worldwide, I feel sorry for those billion users and myself. But again, as a common user myself, I must admit it was not all doomsday for the whole industry since 1987 when I started to use computers. So, as a responsible member of this great IT revolution, I must share some of the best tips and tricks that I learned to use to make the minimum room for productivity on my computer.

Please note this is a tutorial for someone who has the basic know-how of computer usage. I would recommend asking a local expert’s help before trying anything out mentioned in this tutorial for those who are newbies. In that case, make room for payment from a deep pocket. For your own convenience, print this tutorial for step-by-step instructions.

Whenever my computer is infected, I act on any of the following options;

1. FORMAT HARD DISK: I backup all of my data on a CD-Writer if it is still accessible. And then format the whole hard disk drive and re-install every application 

2. USE SOFTWARE: I exhaust all anti-virus and other software options. This is usually my priority as compared to formatting the whole computer hard disk drives.

Now, let me explain both options in detail;

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PRE-REQUISITES: Make sure you have a CD-Drive (Writer), empty writable CDs, Windows OS CD (bootable) that contains files such as Format.exe, Scandisk.exe, FDisk.exe, and Attrib.exe files. Microsoft Office CD, Anti-Virus CD, GoldenHawk CD Writing Software in DOS (copy2cd.exe and cdtools.exe), Serial Numbers of your License, Driver CDs of Motherboard, VGA, Network, Sound and Modem devices. Optionally, download (using http://www.download.com or http://www.tucows.com) this software from any Internet Café when your own computer is inaccessible and save it on a CD so that you can use it anytime for security purposes;

Golden Hawk DOS-based CD Writing Software

HiTech Fireman Windows-based CD Writing Software

Driver Genius Pro

Partition Magic

AVG AntiVirus

SpywareBlaster & SpywareGuard

Spybot Search & Destroy




HiJackThis & CWShredder

I have intentionally avoided mentioning many commercially good and more friendly software mentions here as I wanted everything to do FREE without any additional costs apart from the usual OS licenses. For your own convenience, you can research Google or Yahoo search engines find further information about such commercial software and their availability/pricing.


I know it is a painful and surgical type of solution. Still, sometimes, it is the ONLY solution left after exhausting all of our efforts to revive our computer machine after a virus attack. Follow this procedure;

Booting Up: Try booting your computer normally first and see if you can log in easily. If you can’t, or your computer hangs up, try holding the F8 key when starting Windows, and you will get the Safe Mode. Even if you don’t get the Safe Mode, don’t worry.

Power up your computer and press the DEL key or F2 key to log in to your CMOS. In CMOS, go to Boot Preferences and make CD Drive as the boot drive as your first boot drive and change the hard disk drive as the second boot drive. If you don’t see your CD Drive in the boot-up options, your CD Drive is not properly installed. Check the connectors or ask your CD Drive provider for instructions to install the CD Drive.

Now, when your CD Drive is ready, insert your Windows OS CD in the CD Drive and restart your computer machine. When prompted, select the option “Boot from CD with CD Option.” When you get the prompt, Notice the CD Drive letter that was allocated to your CD Drive when it installed the CD Driver. It is usually D: drive or the last drive letter depending on the number of your partitions. Note it down as it is the actual drive letter where you will have to type a DOS command like:

You should now run all software utilities such as Format, Scandisk, FDisk, or Windows Installation Setup.exe files. Right now, make sure they exist by typing a DOS command dir at the CD drive letter. If you don’t find it with this simple directory command, use dir/s filename to search the file. For example, to search the fdisk.exe file, type dir/s fdisk.exe.

Computer Security


Before formatting your hard disk drive, please make sure you have the proper backup of your critical data files such as Microsoft Word, Excel, Powerpoint, etc., files on a CD, or any other media for backup that you have access to. In this tutorial, we assume you have a CD-Writer installed for taking backups on Writeable CDs. Their capacity is usually 700MB or less. Here, you should seriously consider using Zipping software like WinZip or WinRAR.

VIA WINDOWS: If you can luckily login to your Windows OS, you should run the CD-Writer software such as HTech Fireman to backup all of your data on an empty CD. If you don’t know how to do it, read their user manual for a detailed instruction set. If you can’t access your Windows OS, read on.

VIA DOS: Some of the files that you wish to make the backup may be hidden. To un-hide them, use attrib *.* +r +s +h.

Now, use the software from the Golden Hawks file named copy2cd.exe to backup your data files or directories on a writeable CD. Before using this command, make sure you are in an appropriate path on the computer such as E:/ where the actual file copy2cd.exe file resides;

Copy2cd c:data*.* f:

Here we assumed that f: is a CD-Writer drive. Now, repeat the same for all of your files to back up. When finished, run the cdtools.exe command, i.e., cd tools f: to finish by selecting “Disc Finalization .”If you can’t back up your data using the above-mentioned procedure, either ask an outside expert’s help personally or via the internet. If all fails, forget your data forever and carry on installing a new OS, as mentioned in this tutorial.

Backing up Your Drivers: An interesting tool to mentioned here is software that automatically backs up all of your drivers of CD, modem, sound card, VGA, USB, printer, or just about anything that is currently installed on your system. But this software works only in an operational windows OS and not in DOS. It is a good and time-saving practice to keep a backup of your drivers on a CD by using such software. Its name is Driver Genius Pro, and it is commercial software, not freeware.

technical help desk

the helps program

help help help help

USING FDISK: You may skip this option and go straight to the Formatting Hard Disk option if you wish to use other useful partitions that may contain your data. Before going ahead with this option, Make sure there is no useful data left on your computer to be backed up. This option will delete all of the computer partitions and create new ones.

security guard jobs

computer security


i) Boot up your computer using Windows OS CD.

ii) Run this command

iii) Press option 3 to delete all current partitions.

iv) To create a new partition, select option 1 and select Y to answer the maximum size question by the program.

v) Next, select option 2

vi) Press the Esc key to quit and restart your computer to

See the URL [http://www.compguystechweb.com/troubleshooting/fdisk/fdisk_scr.html] for detailed instructions along with screenshots. Now that you have created the primary partition, you can continue to format the newly created partition. There is a very user-friendly but commercial software called Partition Magic by PowerQuest to manage your partitions after installing Windows easily.


Now that you have created new partitions, It is time to format them to start installing Windows. This is how you make your C: drive usable by your Windows OS for installation. Boot up your computer with Windows CD and type format c: command at the prompt. When prompted for maximum size, press YES. After complete processing, you will be presented with a successful report about the formatting of the C: drive. Select your new drive name and press ENTER to finish.


Microsoft has made it very easy for a newbie to install a completely new OS on a newly formatted partition. It is all wizard-based, and you have to click NEXT each time whenever asked a question. Boot up your computer from the Windows CD and select Start with CD Option. When on the DOS prompt, change to the CD Drive that it just created, usually d: if you have only one partition C. Now type command setup.exe to start the windows installation process.

During installation, make sure you properly name your PC as per your preferences and select your regions and Time zone. When finished, the computer will reboot, and during the next reboot, it may ask some drivers of your Sound Card, VGA, Network, or other devices attached. Provide the requisite driver CDs and locate the paths of the appropriate drivers. If you are not sure, leave it like that and press NEXT to ignore. When your windows installation is complete, you can install Microsoft Office, set up an internet connection, and start using it as normally as you would. Please make sure you install all the security software such as anti-virus, anti-spyware, adware, and other software, as mentioned in the next section.

laptop computers

desktop computers


Installing Anti-Virus: Download free AVG Antivirus software and install it. Please make sure you get its free key from their website by registering. This software is not auto-updated for critical viruses, and for an auto-update version, you will have to pay. If you wish to pay, we would recommend the world’s most popular brands Symantec, McAfee, and Trend Micros, instead. No matter what Anti-Virus software you install, make sure you enable its Auto-Protect feature to automatically protect your computer’s resources and incoming or outgoing emails from any virus attack.

Some software even allows you to set up silent detection and destruction without any disturbance to your work. Further, they are auto-updated via the internet at the regular interval that you set up. Hence, you can rest assured that whenever a security threat is spread worldwide, your software will automatically download the requisite updated version and install its defense on your computer.

BROWSER SECURITY: To set up your browser (Internet Explorer on Windows) for maximum security against the usual threats, follow this procedure;

i) Start up your browser

ii) Go to IE > Tools > Windows Update > Product Updates and selected Security Updates to be automatically updated. Microsoft releases patches and security patches from time to time to make sure your system’s security is up-to-date.

iii) Now, go to Internet Options/Security/Internet, press ‘default level’, then OK. Now press “Custom Level.” In the ActiveX section, set the first two options (“Download signed and unsigned ActiveX controls) to ‘prompt’ and ‘Initialize and Script ActiveX controls not marked as safe” to ‘disable.’ Now, you will be asked whether you want ActiveX objects to be executed and whether you want the software to be installed. Sites that you know for sure are above suspicion can be moved to the Trusted Zone in Internet Option/security. If you use another browser such as Firefox or Netscape, see their documentation on securely setting it up against any such internet threats.

Installing Anti-Spyware: Spyware, adware, browser hijackers, and dialers are some of the fastest-growing threats on the Internet today. By simply browsing a web page, your computer may become a victim. You can install SpywareBlaster and SpywareGuard to guard your computer against such internet threats effectively. It includes a Fast Real-Time Scanning engine for known spyware and heuristic/generic detection capabilities to catch new/mutated spyware and Download Protection along with Browser Hijacking Protection in real-time.

Download the software (free) from their website and install it on your system. Make sure you download its latest update or enable its Auto-Update feature to be updated automatically in the background. Now, when you are ready, run the software to check the spyware on your computer. When spyware is found, it reports accordingly. Press “select all,” then press the option “kill all checked.” Although it won’t protect you from 100% spyware, it is a critical extra layer of protection. Next, install another software that is called Spybot Search & Destroys. It works exactly like SpywareBlaster, but it never hurts to have a double layer of spyware detection along with Spybot R&D.

Installing Anti-Adware: Adware is a common term used to describe potentially dangerous websites and scripts that do data-mining, aggressive advertising, Parasites, Scumware, selected traditional Trojans, Dialers, Malware, Browser hijackers, and tracking components. There is an excellent software called Ad-Aware available to scan and remove such nuisances from your system.

To start using it, simply visit the Lavasoft USA website and download its free non-commercial version of Ad-Aware Personal Edition. Run its setup program and install it. When prompted, ask it to scan your computer. If there is any adware found, it is detected and removed automatically by Ad-Aware. Run this software on a weekly or daily basis, if possible, to keep your system clean.

In addition to the Ad-Aware, Internet Explorer comes with a convenient tool that allows you to block specific sites that may carry well-known advertisers, marketers, crapware pushers to the Restricted sites Zone. If you had to input 50000+ of such sites manually yourself, it would take years. Luckily, there is software that does it all automatically, and it is called IE-SPYAD. Once you merge this list of sites and domains into the Registry, the websites for these companies will not be able to use cookies, ActiveX controls, Java applets, or scripting to compromise your privacy or your PC while you surf the Net. Nor will they be able to use your browser to push unwanted pop-ups, cookies, or auto-installing programs on your PC. It is not an ad blocker. It will stop top unwanted crapware from being installed behind your back via “drive-by-downloads”; prevent the hijacking of your home page.

This Restricted sites list is based on info from discussions in the SpywareInfo Forums and other forums that specialize in crapware removal major crapware reference sites: do desk, cexx.org, Kephyr.com, PestPatrol, and SpywareGuide. To start using it, download it from their website and run its install.bat file. Make sure you run its update as well soon after its installation.


Firewall software acts as a defense shield against hackers, intruders and blocks access attempts to your computer. ZoneAlarm is a professional firewall software that works in stealth mode automatically and makes your computer invisible to anyone on the Internet.

Download it from the ZoneLabs website and run its setup for installation. I recommend you use its Express Settings which automatically configures your most commonly used software like browser, chat messengers, ftp software to access the internet while blocks every other internet traffic in real-time. If any software or service tries to upload or download any data, it pops up an alert whereby you can allow or disallow such internet traffic.

Computer Slow Down: It is widespread to see many complaints about their computer slow-down. The fastest and easiest cure is using Windows’ built-in Defragmenter utility that you can find in Startà Programs à Accessories à System Utilities à Disk Defragmantor and run through defragmentation. It will take a while before it ends.

If your system’s performance does not improve after running the defragmentation utility, consider scanning your computer via a software utility called HiJackThis, which you can download and install on your system. Use this tool carefully as it is intended for advanced users only. HijackThis is a tool that lists all installed browser add-on, buttons, startup items and allows you to inspect and optionally remove selected items. The program can create a backup of your original settings and also ignore selected items. Additional features include a simple list of all startup items, default start page, online updates, and more.

CWShredder is a utility for removing CoolWebSearch (aka CoolWwwSearch, YouFindAll, White-Pages. ws, and a dozen other names). This tool will find and destroy all traces of the CoolWebSearch (CWS) hijacker on your system, including redirections, IE slowdowns, start page changes, and unauthorized sites in IE Trusted Zone and blocking access to IE options or setup.

Download CWShredder from their official website only as there is a similar named virus/trojan on the loose at various websites, which you may accidentally download and install, hence become more infected than being cured instead. When it is installed successfully, run the software to scan your local machine. Select the fix button & it will get rid of everything related to CoolWebSearch. Close ALL other programs & windows, including IE, before running CWShredder. Reboot after doing this.

I know there is still a lot left, but I wanted to keep this tutorial as brief as possible. Hence I covered only the critical elements here. I am sure you will have fewer breakdowns (if not ZERO0 and more productive hours on your computer. I would recommend you to set up all the software’s auto-update and auto-check options to free your time for more productive things than just playing hide and seek with spyware, adwares, or viruses. Happy and safe computing!

Sandy Ryan
Writer. Music advocate. Devoted bacon trailblazer. Hardcore web fanatic. Travel junkie. Avid creator. Thinker. Skateboarder, coffee addict, record lover, reclaimed wood collector and RGD member. Producing at the junction of minimalism and mathematics to craft delightful brand experiences. I'm a designer and this is my work.